The Battle of Wilson’s Creek or Oak Hills in southwestern Greene County on August 10, 1861, is Missouri’s best-known Civil War engagement. Southern forces, consisting of an independent Missouri State Guard army allied with Arkansas state troops and Confederate units, prevailed over a smaller Union force of US Regular troops, midwestern volunteers, native whites, and ethnic German Missourians.
War and Conflict
Anna Lansing Clapp, president of the Ladies’ Union Aid Society (LUAS) of St. Louis, was born on August 28, 1814, at Cambridge, New York, to parents of Dutch ancestry, Harmanus Wendell and Catalina Hun Lansing. After completing her education at Albany, Clapp taught for three years in the school of the Reverend Nathaniel Prime in Newburgh, New York. In 1838 she married Alfred Clapp and moved to Brooklyn, where she joined several benevolent organizations and served as treasurer of the Industrial School Association. The couple relocated to St.
Adaline Weston Couzins, a volunteer nursing escort and relief worker during the Civil War, was born in Brighton, England, on August 12, 1815. Brought to the United States at the age of eight, she eloped with John Edward Decker Couzins in 1834. A carpenter and builder by trade, her husband served as the chief of police in St. Louis throughout the Civil War and as US marshal of the eastern district of Missouri from 1884 to 1887.