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Ethnicity, Race, and Sexual Orientation

Tom Bass (1859–1934)

By popular consensus, Tom Bass was one of the most skillful and popular horsemen of his era. At the time of his death in 1934, his home in Mexico, Missouri, was overflowing with awards he had collected over a lifetime as a rider and trainer of fine show horses.


Celia, the property of Robert Newsom, stood trial in Fulton, Missouri, in 1855 for the murder of her master, a prosperous Callaway County farmer. The events that led to her arrest, her trial, and her ultimate fate provide a fascinating case study of the significance of gender in the slaveholding South and the manner in which the southern legal system was manipulated to ensure the slaveholder’s power over his human chattel while creating the illusion of a society that extended the protection of the law to its slaves.

Annie Minerva Turnbo Pope Malone (1869–1957)

Annie Minerva Turnbo Pope Malone was born in Metropolis, Illinois, on August 9, 1869, to Robert and Isabella Cook Turnbo. Orphaned at an early age, Malone lived with her older brothers and sisters in Metropolis and Peoria, Illinois. She was a sickly child and attended school sporadically during her teens. Attending high school briefly in Peoria, she discovered an affinity for chemistry.

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